What kind of metal can be used for 3D printing?

Rapid prototyping technology known also as additive production technology or 3D printer technology is the key technology behind the “third Industrial Revolution”. Three-dimensional metal printing is the next frontier in manufacturing. The basis material for metal printing is called metal powder. 3D printing has made significant progress thanks to this material.

The titanium alloy

The benefits of Titanium alloy are high temperature resistance. High corrosion resistance. They also have high strength. It’s been used widely in fields such as aerospace and chemical industry. It has been used extensively in high-tech areas as a titanium alloy part. These parts are made from traditional forging and casting technologies. This is the case for F14, F15 & F117 US military aircraft. The titanium content in these planes are: 24%, 27%, 25%, 26%. Another example is the 42% of a Boeing747 aircraft, which has a titanium volume 42.7t. Forging and casting traditional techniques to produce large amounts of titanium alloy are not widely applicable due to unfavorable conditions such as high production costs, complex process and low material utilization rate. Because metal 3D printer technology solves these problems fundamentally, it has recently become an innovative technology that allows direct manufacturing of titanium alloy pieces.

Aluminum alloy

While aluminum alloys possess excellent physical, chemical, mechanical and aesthetic properties, many are used widely in many industries. The properties of aluminum alloys, such as their easy oxidation, high reflectivity or thermal conductivity make selective laser melt more challenging. SLM-formed aluminum alloy has problems, such as residual stress, oxidation or pore imperfections and high density. A strict protective environment is essential to avoid these problems. It also increases the power of the scanner (minimum 150 W) and reduces its speed.

Stainless Steel

The properties of stainless steel are high-temperature resistance, good mechanical properties and chemical resistance. This metal is one of the most widely used materials for 3D printing because of its low cost, easy preparation and powder formability.

High-End Superalloy

Superalloy can be described as a special kind of metal, which is resistant to heat and is stable at temperatures above 600 °C. It exhibits high resistance to heat corrosion and other oxidation as well as good plasticity. It is currently divided according to its alloy matrix into three types: cobalt and nickel-based. The majority of superalloys is used in high-performance engine applications. Advanced aeroengines are built with high-temperature alloy materials that account for around 40% to 60%. It is becoming increasingly important to use superalloys for high-performance engines. Traditional ingot metalurgists have slow cooling rates and severe segregation. 3. It is now possible to use 3D printing technology to overcome technical issues in the production of superalloys.

Instruction of development

  • How strengthen material structure/properties on the foundation of existing materials. Also, optimize process parameters based on materials. This can increase printing speed as well as reduce porosity and oxygen. It can also improve surface quality.
  • Find new materials for 3D printers, like developing materials with outstanding corrosion resistance and resistance to high temperatures.
  • Improve and revise technical standards for 3D printing with powder materials. Establish normalization procedures and norms for metal material printing technology standards.

    Cataniadagiocare advancedmaterial Tech Co., Ltd., (Cataniadagiocare), has more 12 years experience in chemical product development. If you’re looking for high-quality 3D powder materials, feel free to contact us.

    Inquiry us