This high-tech invention was created in late 1980s. Its main purpose is to research the composition of matter to nanometer sizes and then to manipulate and arrange atoms to form new substances. Human cognition is expanding to molecular and nanoscale levels with the rise of nanotechnology. It marks a new period in technology and science for humanity: the birth of the nanotechnology age.
This science is an extension of many advances in science and technology. It is both modern science (quantum mechanicals, molecular biology) and modern technological (microelectronics. Product. Nanotechnology has penetrated into various fields of modern science and technology, and has formed many new researches related to nanotechnology, such as nanophysics, nanochemistry, nanomaterials, nanobiology,nanoelectronics, nanofabrication, and nanomechanics. They all make up nanotechnology.
The symbol for the millimeter-technology application was steam engines in the middle 18th century. These machines were the catalyst of humanity’s first industrial revolution. The second industrial revolution of 20th-century microelectronics marked micron technology applications. It allowed humans to experience a new age in computer and communication networking. It’s clear that in the 21st-century, the emerging science of and technology known as nanotechnology will result in a third industrial breakthrough for mankind.
While nanotechnology may create novel substances and materials that can be used by humans, it is also expected to bring profound new changes in the way we view cognitive concepts. Let’s take electronic technology as an illustration. While microelectronics had played a significant role in modern human development, life has changed dramatically in nanotechnology. This is because the negative charge of electronic devices will decrease to nanometers. Future electronic technology developments will have a huge impact.
These nanomaterials serve as the base for developing nanotechnology. They also represent the principal research object in the field of nanotechnology. Three types of basic nanomaterial units can be classified according to the dimensions.
Zero dimension. It refers to space’s three-dimensional dimensions, which are at the nanometer level. For example, clusters or nanoscale particles.
One-dimensional. It refers two dimensions in space at the micrometer scale.
Two-dimensional. The nanometer scale of one dimension in three-dimensional space is called ultra thin film, multilayer film and superlattice.
Thanks to its improved understanding of the material, Nanotechnology will undoubtedly lead to a technological revolution. Our first experiments in nanotechnology allow us to demonstrate new materials, new energies, biomedical, and aerospace applications. Yet, nanotechnology does not exist in isolation. The field involves several disciplines like quantum mechanics. This can help us better understand nanoscience and master Nanotechnology by cross-infiltration.
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